BACKGROUND

Out of total geographical area of 44.23 lakh hectares, about 50% area is severely affected with the problems of soil erosion, alkalinity, salinity and water logging. The soil erosion occur mainly due to water and wind. The soil erosion through water occurs mainly in the areas falling in Shivalik foothills and in Araveli ranges. It is estimated that about 5.50 lakh hectare area is affected with this problem, whereas about 12 lakh hectare area is affected with wind erosion which occur mainly in South-Western part of the State. An area of 2.32 lakh hectare is affected with alkalinity of varying degree and 2.55 lakh hectare with salinity and water logging.

Several Externally aided/Centrally Sponsored and State schemes are being implemented in the State. Under these schemes, Soil Conservation measures are taken up on watershed basis, which include construction of check dams, water harvesting structure, gully plugs, percolation embankments, diversion bunds, vegetative measures etc

The implementation of watershed development schemes helped in checking soil erosion resulting in increased land productivity. The harvesting of rain water helped in conserving the moisture in-situ and recharge the ground water. Water availability for human consumption, livestock and irrigation is also augmented. The underground water level which is fast depleting has been checked.

For judicious use of precious ground water, improved on farm water management practices are propagated. Sprinkler irrigation system is being promoted by providing subsidy incentive. In order to improve on farm water conveyance by reducing evaporation and seepage losses from field channel and to avoid labour intensive process of maintenance of open channels, under ground pipelines system of water conveyance is being promoted by providing subsidy incentives.